In Social Sciences in Modern World. vol. 2 (2). Moscow, Russia: Internauka. pp. 88-97 (2017)

Dimitry Mentuz
Warnborough Colledge, Ireland (Alumnus)
In this work, I have compared the views of Hans Georg Gadamer and Emmanuel Levinas on various concepts of culture and understanding of the ‘man’ within the framework of Western civilization with the help of three of their essays. In two lectures of Gadamer—‘Culture and Peace’, delivered at Salzburg in 1980, and ‘Man and His Hand in Modern Civilization’, delivered in Munich in 1978—and several essays by Emmanuel Levinas such as ‘The Philosophical Determination of the Idea of Culture’ (1983). If both authors are critical of the rational based on the technique and calculation of the concept of culture inherited from the Enlightenment, and further, if this concept is embodied in the bourgeois and later in industrial societies, as retraced in the first chapter, the authors differently see the way out of the dehumanizing crisis of the modern era.
Keywords Gadamer  Levianas  Culture  Humanism  Dehumanisation  Ethics  Postmodernity
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