On Dennis Des Chene's Physiologia

Perspectives on Science 8 (2):119-143 (2000)

Authors
Stephen Menn
Humboldt-University, Berlin
Abstract
Dennis Des Chene's Physiologia: Natural Philosophy in Late Aristotelian and Cartesian Thought reconstructs the discourse of late scholastic natural philosophy, and assesses Descartes' agreements and disagreements. In a critical discussion, I offer a different interpretation of late scholastic theories of final causality and of God's concursus with created efficient causes. Fonseca's and Suárez' conceptions of final causality in nature depend on their claim that a single action can be the action of two agents at once--in particular, of God and of a creature. I discuss both their theory of action and its implications for natural teleology. I then compare Descartes, emphasizing his demolition of the Aristotelian hierarchy of causes, with unmoved movers regulating the action of inferior moved movers. Aristotle argues that unmoved causes are needed to produce a stable world-order; he takes arts as his models of unmoved causes, and uses this model to support natural teleology. Descartes radically simplifies this system by denying all unmoved movers other than God, and denying anything analogous to an art in non-human nature. I explore the implications for Descartes' notion of concursus and his criticism of natural teleology, and discuss his resulting difficulties in explaining natural stability
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DOI 10.1162/106361400568046
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References found in this work BETA

The Greatest Stumbling Block: Descartes' Denial of Real Qualities.Stephen Menn - 1995 - In Roger Ariew & Marjorie Glicksman Grene (eds.), Descartes and His Contemporaries: Meditations, Objections, and Replies. University of Chicago Press. pp. 182--207.
A Treatise on God as First Principle.John Duns Scotus & Allan B. Wolter - 1967 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 23 (3):389-390.
Aristotelis Opera Com Averrois Commentariis.[author unknown] - 1963 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 19 (3):327-327.

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