Foresight in cultural evolution

Biology and Philosophy 23 (2):243-255 (2008)
Abstract
Critics of Darwinian cultural evolution frequently assert that whereas biological evolution is blind and undirected, cultural change is directed or guided by people who possess foresight, thereby invalidating any Darwinian analysis of culture. Here I show this argument to be erroneous and unsupported in several respects. First, critics commonly conflate human foresight with supernatural clairvoyance, resulting in the premature rejection of Darwinian cultural evolution on false logical grounds. Second, the presence of foresight is perfectly consistent with Darwinian evolution, and is found in biology, in the form of open, teleonomic processes such as genetically-biased behavioural learning. Finally, empirical evidence from the social sciences suggests that cultural change appears far less guided and directed, and human foresight far less accurate, than is commonly assumed.
Keywords Cultural evolution  Foresight  Human culture  Mental time travel  Niche construction  Planning  Teleology  Teleonomy
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DOI 10.1007/s10539-007-9097-3
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References found in this work BETA
Darwin's Dangerous Idea.Daniel C. Dennett - 1996 - Behavior and Philosophy 24 (2):169-174.

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Darwinism and Meaning.Lonnie W. Aarssen - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (4):296-311.
Is Cultural Fitness Hopelessly Confused?Grant Ramsey & Andreas De Block - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axv047.

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