Educational Philosophy and Theory 47 (11):1175-1184 (2015)

Authors
Thaddeus Metz
University of Pretoria
Abstract
There is a kernel of truth in the claim that Western, and especially Anglo-American-Australasian, normative philosophy, including that relating to the philosophy of education, is individualistic; it tends to prize properties that are internal to a human being such as her autonomy, rationality, pleasure, desires, self-esteem, self-realization and virtues relating to, say, her intellect. One notable exception is the idea that students ought to be educated in order to be citizens, participants in a democratic and cosmopolitan order, but, compared to non-Western traditions, this social element is thin. What is striking about other philosophical backgrounds in the East and the South, such as sub-Saharan reflection on the proper ends of education, is that they are typically much more communitarian, and are so in ways that differ from dominant forms of communitarianism in the West. I argue that since geographical terms such as ‘Western’, ‘African’ and the like are best construed as picking out properties that are particularly salient in a region, it is fair to conclude that individualism is Western and not African, or, more carefully, that it is much more Western than it is African, and that converse remarks go for communitarianism. What this means is that, if I am correct about a glaring contrast between philosophies of education typical in the West and in sub-Saharan Africa, and if there are, upon reflection, attractive facets of communitarianism, then countries such as the UK, the US and Australia in some real sense must become less Western in order to take them on
Keywords Communitarianism  Individualism  Final ends of education
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2015
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1080/00131857.2014.991502
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 63,194
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Demonstratives: An Essay on the Semantics, Logic, Metaphysics and Epistemology of Demonstratives and Other Indexicals.David Kaplan - 1989 - In Joseph Almog, John Perry & Howard Wettstein (eds.), Themes From Kaplan. Oxford University Press. pp. 481-563.
Themes From Kaplan.Joseph Almog, John Perry & Howard Wettstein (eds.) - 1989 - Oxford University Press.

View all 21 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

An African Theory of Good Leadership.Thaddeus Metz - 2018 - African Journal of Business Ethics 12 (2):36-53.

View all 14 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Higher Education, Knowledge For Its Own Sake, and an African Moral Theory.Thaddeus Metz - 2009 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 28 (6):517-536.
On Confucian Communitarianism.Weixi Hu - 2007 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (4):475-487.
The Final Ends of Higher Education in Light of an African Moral Theory.Thaddeus Metz - 2009 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 43 (2):179-201.
The Virtues of African Ethics.Thaddeus Metz - 2013 - In Stan van Hooft (ed.), The Handbook of Virtue Ethics. Acumen Publishing. pp. 276-84.
Radicals Versus Moderates: A Critique of Gyekye's Moderate Communitarianism.B. Matolino - 2009 - South African Journal of Philosophy 28 (2):160-170.
Popper's Communitarianism.Jeff Kochan - 2009 - In Zuzana Parusniková & Robert S. Cohen (eds.), Rethinking Popper (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 272). Springer. pp. 287--303.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2014-01-20

Total views
43 ( #248,393 of 2,448,329 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
7 ( #98,471 of 2,448,329 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes