A Bio-Social and Ethical Framework for Understanding Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Neuroethics 7 (3):337-344 (2014)

Wayne Hall
State University of New York (SUNY)
The diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders is embedded in a matrix of biological, social and ethical processes, making it an important topic for crossdisciplinary social and ethical research. This article reviews different branches of research relevant to understanding how FASD is identified and defined and outlines a framework for future social and ethical research in this area. We outline the character of scientific research into FASD, epidemiological discrepancies between reported patterns of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and the incidence of FASD, and the social and ethical considerations that may impact on who is, and is not, diagnosed. We highlight what further research investigating FASD diagnostic processes, as well as the multi-generational impacts of FASD, is needed. Important research priorities are to: 1) enumerate the variety of stakeholders involved in seeking FASD diagnoses; 2) understand the experiences and perspectives of mothers from different backgrounds who have consumed alcohol during pregnancy and their affected children; and 3) collect health histories of maternal alcohol consumption in families to determine the effect of FASD at sub-cultural and cultural levels
Keywords Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders  Critical neuroscience  Diagnosis
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DOI 10.1007/s12152-014-9207-2
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We Have Never Been Modern.Bruno Latour - 1993 - Harvard University Press.
Obstetricians and Violence Against Women.Sonya Charles - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (12):51-56.

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Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.Rida Usman Khalafzai - 2008 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 14 (2):9.


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