A new empirical challenge for local theories of consciousness

Mind and Language 37 (5):840-855 (2021)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Local theories of consciousness state that one is conscious of a feature if it is adequately represented and processed in sensory brain areas, given some background conditions. We challenge the core prediction of local theories based on long-lasting postdictive effects demonstrating that features can be represented for hundreds of milliseconds in perceptual areas without being consciously perceived. Unlike previous empirical data aimed against local theories, localists cannot explain these effects away by conjecturing that subjects are phenomenally conscious of features that they cannot report. We also discuss alternative explanations that localists could offer.

Similar books and articles

Theories of consciousness.David Papineau - 2002 - In Quentin Smith & Aleksandar Jokic (eds.), Consciousness: New Philosophical Essays. New York: Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 353.
Keeping postdiction simple.Valtteri Arstila - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 38:205-216.
The Collapse Argument.Joseph Gottlieb - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (1):1-20.
A Review Of Rocco J. Gennaro, Higher-order Theories Of Consciousness: An Anthology. [REVIEW]Michael Bruno - 2005 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 11.
Two senses for 'givenness of consciousness'.Pessi Lyyra - 2009 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (1):67-87.
A Case for Conservatism about Animal Consciousness.Samuel Murray - 2020 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 27 (9-10):163-185.


Added to PP

2,129 (#4,238)

6 months
303 (#7,150)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Citations of this work

Conscious Perception and the Prefrontal Cortex A Review.Matthias Michel - 2022 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 29 (7-8):115-157.

Add more citations

References found in this work

On a confusion about a function of consciousness.Ned Block - 1995 - Brain and Behavioral Sciences 18 (2):227-–247.
Inattentional Blindness.Arien Mack & Irvin Rock - 1998 - MIT Press. Edited by Richard D. Wright.
Perceptual consciousness overflows cognitive access.Ned Block - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (12):567-575.

View all 42 references / Add more references