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Abstract
Contempt and disgust share a number of features which distinguish them from other hostile emotions: they both present two distinct facets—a nonmoral facet and a moral one; they both imply a negative evaluation of the dispositional kind as well as disrespect towards the target of the feeling; and they trigger avoidance and exclusion action tendencies. However, while sharing a common core, contempt and disgust are in our view distinct emotions, qualified by different cognitive-motivational features. Contempt is felt exclusively towards human targets, and implies sense of superiority over them, pessimistic feelings about their possibility of betterment, detachment from them, and avoidance driven by detachment; whereas disgust can be directed at a wide range of possible targets, and implies contamination sensitivity, fear of contamination, and fear-driven avoidance. The differences between contempt and disgust are related to the different kinds of standard against which the target is evaluated, and the different kinds of disrespect engendered by the negative evaluation.
Keywords avoidance  contamination  contempt  disgust  disrespect  sense of superiority
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DOI 10.1111/jtsb.12159
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Two Kinds of Respect.Stephen Darwall - 1977 - Ethics 88 (1):36-49.
The Emotional Construction of Morals.Jesse Prinz - 2009 - Analysis 69 (4):701-704.
Love as a Moral Emotion.J. David Velleman - 1999 - Ethics 109 (2):338-374.

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