Methodological Artefacts in Consciousness Science

Journal of Consciousness Studies 24 (11-12):94-117 (2017)
Authors
Matthias Michel
Université Paris-Sorbonne
Abstract
Consciousness is scientifically challenging to study because of its subjective aspect. This leads researchers to rely on report-based experimental paradigms in order to discover neural correlates of consciousness (NCCs). I argue that the reliance on reports has biased the search for NCCs, thus creating what I call 'methodological artefacts'. This paper has three main goals: first, describe the measurement problem in consciousness science and argue that this problem led to the emergence of methodological artefacts. Second, provide a critical assessment of the NCCs put forward by the global neuronal workspace theory. Third, provide the means of dissociating genuine NCCs from methodological artefacts.
Keywords Consciousness  Global workspace  Science of Consciousness  Neural Correlates of Consciousness  Introspection
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