'More Likely Than Not' - Knowledge First and the Role of Statistical Evidence in Courts of Law

In Adam Carter, Emma Gordon & Benjamin Jarvis (eds.), Knowledge First,. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press (forthcoming)
Abstract
The paper takes a closer look at the role of knowledge and evidence in legal theory. In particular, the paper examines a puzzle arising from the evidential standard Preponderance of the Evidence and its application in civil procedure. Legal scholars have argued since at least the 1940s that the rule of the Preponderance of the Evidence gives rise to a puzzle concerning the role of statistical evidence in judicial proceedings, sometimes referred to as the Problem of Bare Statistical Evidence. While this puzzle has led to the development of a multitude of accounts and approaches in the legal literature, I argue here that the problem can be resolved fairly straightforwardly within a knowledge-first framework.
Keywords Knowledge First  Preponderance of the Evidence  Paradox of the Gatecrasher
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