Economic inequality predicts biodiversity loss
AbstractHuman activity is causing high rates of biodiversity loss. Yet, surprisingly little is known about the extent to which socioeconomic factors exacerbate or ameliorate our impacts on biological diversity. One such factor, economic inequality, has been shown to affect public health, and has been linked to environmental problems in general. We tested how strongly economic inequality is related to biodiversity loss in particular. We found that among countries, and among US states, the number of species that are threatened or declining increases substantially with the Gini ratio of income inequality. At both levels of analysis, the connection between income inequality and biodiversity loss persists after controlling for biophysical conditions, human population size, and per capita GDP or income. Future research should explore potential mechanisms behind this equality-biodiversity relationship. Our results suggest that economic reforms would go hand in hand with, if not serving as a prerequisite for, effective conservation.
Similar books and articles
Ecological Diversity and Biodiversity as Concepts for Conservation Planning: Comments on Ricotta.Sahotra Sarkar - 2006 - Acta Biotheoretica 54 (2):133-140.
The Biodiversity Bank Cannot Be a Lending Bank.Michael A. Mccarthy, Mark Colyvan & Brendan A. Wintle - unknown
Inter District Disparities in Meghalaya: A Human Development Approach.Purusottam Nayak & Santanu Ray - manuscript
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
Anthropocentrism: More Than Just a Misunderstood Problem.Helen Kopnina, Haydn Washington, Bron Taylor & John J. Piccolo - 2018 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 31 (1):109-127.
Biodiversity Communication at the UN Summit 2020: Blending Business and Nature.Merel Keijzer, Janet Fuller & Matt Drury - 2022 - Discourse and Communication 16 (1):37-57.
References found in this work
No references found.