Filozofija I Društvo 23 (3):56-77 (2012)

The article analyzes the role of the presidents of French Fifth Republic in the process of the French reconciliation with its Vichy past, i.e. with collaboration and participation in the Final solution of Jewish question in Europe during Second World War. It is analyzed De Gaulle?s creation of?resistancialist myth?; Mitterrand?s Pre-War as well as War past, his friendship with R. Bousquet and his refusal to speak at the Commemoration in 1992; Chirac?s speech in which he admitted collective responsibility of France and Frenchmen. In the final chapter, on the basis of the French experience, some conclusions have been drawn which could be relevant for Serbia today. These are the most important ones: the building of the myth immediately following a traumatic period is an unavoidable phase; neither the political left nor right are a priori a positive factor in the process of the reconciliation with the past; the president of the state must have a?vision of the statesman?; the explicit verbal recognition of the responsibility is necessary. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179049] Clanak analizira ulogu nekih predsednika francuske Pete republike u procesu izmirenja s visijevskom prosloscu, tj. s kolaboracijom i ucescem u Konacnom resenju jevrejskog pitanja u Evropi tokom Drugog svetskog rata. Analizirani su De Golovo stvaranje?rezistencijalistickog mita?, Miteranova predratna i ratna proslost, prijateljstvo s R. Buskeom i njegovo odbijanje da govori na komemoraciji 1992, te Sirakov govor u kojem je priznao kolektivnu odgovornost Francuske i Francuza. U zavrsnom delu, na osnovu francuskog iskustva izvode se zakljucci koji bi mogli biti relevantni za Srbiju danas. Najvazniji su sledeci: gradjenje mita neposredno nakon traumaticnog perioda jeste nezaobilazna faza, ni levica ni desnica nisu a priori pozitivan faktor u procesu izmirenja s prosloscu, predsednik mora imati?drzavnicku viziju?, neophodno je eksplicitno verbalno priznanje odgovornosti. PR Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179049
Keywords De Gaulle, Mitterrand, Chirac, Vichy, Srebrenica, former Yugoslavia wars, resistancialist myth, collective responsibility
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DOI 10.2298/fid1203056m
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