Critica 35 (103):83 - 120 (2003)

Abstract
Parte de las diferencias entre los dos modelos ontológicos de Aristóteles, o sea, el de Categorías y el de Metafísica VII-IX, coincide con el desarrollo de una fundamentación de ciertos conceptos operativos. Uno de ellos es el de 'prioridad' en la noción de sustancia primera. Tras formalizar laxamente las distintas significaciones de 'prioridad' intento demostrar que esa ausencia de fundamentación está relacionada con los límites del primer esencialismo aristotélico y con un problema que domina la relación objeto-atributo. Explico este problema que hay en la fundamentación de la 'inherencia' como dependiente de la pervivencia en la primera metafísica del modelo platónico para la relación entre universales e individuos, es decir, como un problema en la justificación de los términos sortales en función identificadora. Sugiero finalmente que la transición al segundo modelo ontológico se realiza cuando se aclaran las condiciones de posibilidad de la identificación de objetos. /// Some differences between Aristotle's two metaphysical models (the one in Categories and the one in Metaphysics VII-IX) concurs with the development of an appropriate foundation of some operative concepts. One of them is the concept of 'priority' within the notion of primary substance. After a vague formalization of the different meanings of 'priority' I try to demón- strate that this lack of foundation is related to the limits of Aristotle's first essentialism as well as to a problem ruling the object-attribute-relationship. I explain the problem concerning the foundation of the 'inherence' as depend- ing on the survival of Plato's explanatory model of the universal-particular- relationship, that is as a problem arising from the justification of sortal terms in their identificatory function. Finally I propose that the transition from the first ontological model to the second one is accomplished when Aristotle clarines the conditions of the possibility to identify objects.
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