The Oxford Handbook of Research Ethics (2020)

Authors
Joseph Millum
National Institutes of Health
Danielle Bromwich
University of Massachusetts, Boston
Abstract
This chapter explores the foundation and content of the duty to respect persons. The authors argue that it is best understood as a duty to recognize people’s rights. Respect for persons therefore has specific implications for how competent and non-competent persons ought to be treated in research. For competent persons it underlies the obligation to obtain consent to many research procedures. The chapter gives an analysis of the requirements for obtaining valid consent. It then considers respect for persons as it relates to four common topics: the therapeutic misconception, research with children and adolescents, the use of deception in research, and research on competent adults without their consent.
Keywords Respect  Person  Research ethics  Consent  Rights  Competence  Therapeutic misconception  Deception
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