What an Ideal Is

Philosophia 43 (4):961-974 (2015)

Abstract

What I intend to do in the following pages is to focus on what might be termed the most important turn in the very dimension of ideality throughout the history of Western culture: the introduction of the notion of ideal drawn from Plato’s notion of idea, and especially its singular contemporary destiny. In the first part of the article, I am going to analyze Kant’s introduction of the notion of ideal and Hegel’s reading of it, and I am going to argue that the former affirms a dualistic relationship which the latter negates. In the second part of the article, I am going to reason on the actual effects of both the affirmation and the negation of the dualism between the ideal and the real, especially focusing on the forms of totalitarianism and anarchism which characterized the twentieth-century history of Western culture. This will lead me to argue that we should try to avoid both the bad uses of the ideal and the death of the ideal in order to work on a notion of ideal which could be an exceedingly promising tool for us to change and improve the real. This change and improvement can be achieved through the affirmation of the dualistic relationship between the ideal and the real, and more specifically through what I will call an evolutionary notion of ideal versus a revolutionary notion of ideal.

Download options

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 72,805

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Analytics

Added to PP
2019-01-25

Downloads
10 (#907,349)

6 months
1 (#386,031)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

What an Ideal Is.Simona Chiodo & Politecnico di Milano - 2015 - Philosophia 43 (4):961-974.
Rescher and Emmet on the Notion of Ideal.Simona Chiodo - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (3):1063-1075.
Ideal Model: Social Cultural Determinants and Phunctions.O. G. Glukhova - 2012 - Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research 1:68-72.
Mathematics and Geometry Towards Ideality in «Domus»’s Ideal Houses.Simona Chiodo - 2017 - Lebenswelt: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Experience 11:90-124.
Ascent Toward the Ideal.Andrey D. Maidansky - 2010 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 48 (4):63-75.
Rawlsian Theory and the Circumstances of Politics.Andrew Mason - 2010 - Political Theory 38 (5):658-683.
When is Non-Ideal Theory Too Ideal? Adaptive Preferences, Children, and Ideal Theory.Rosa Terlazzo - 2017 - In Kevin Vallier & Michael Weber (eds.), Political Utopias: Contemporary Debates. New York, USA: Oxford University Press. pp. 233-252.
Plato's 'Ideal' State.R. S. Bluck - 1959 - Classical Quarterly 9 (3-4):166-.
Plato's ‘Ideal’ State.R. S. Bluck - 1959 - Classical Quarterly 9 (3-4):166-168.
Ethical Topicality of the Ideal Beauty.Simona Chiodo - 2015 - Lebenswelt: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Experience 6:1-12.
Can Rawls’s Non-Ideal Theory Save His Ideal Theory?Hye-Ryoung Kang - 2016 - Social Theory and Practice 42 (1):32-56.