Tan Mingran
Shandong University
This essay argues two main points by analyzing Sengzhao’s contentions regarding several basic Buddhist concepts such as emptiness, being, and nonbeing. First, Sengzhao synthesizes Daoist methods of argumentation into his description of the middle path and other Buddhist concepts. Second, he revives Daoist concepts, giving them Buddhist meaning and expressing them in Buddhist terms. In the process, he consciously differentiates Madhyamika Buddhism from earlier Buddhism as understood from a Daoist perspective, such as the teachings of the School of Original Non-Being and the School of No-Mind. However, because his understanding of the middle path is not sufficiently deep, he wavers between Buddhist and Daoist understandings of terms such as prajñā and nirvāṇa, rest and movement, and name and reality. Despite these inconsistencies, his discourse, as the first attempt to differentiate Madhyamika from Daoism, is still a milestone in the development of Chinese Buddhism and has exerted a far-reaching influence on later generations.
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DOI 10.1007/s11712-008-9050-4
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References found in this work BETA

A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy.Wing-tsit Chan - 1963 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
The Complete Works of Chuang Tzu.Burton Watson (ed.) - 1968 - Columbia University Press.
Time and Emptiness in the Chao-Lun.Michael Berman - 1997 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 24 (1):43-58.
Seng-Chao and the Mādhyamka Way of Refutation.Ming-Wood Liu - 1987 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 14 (1):97-110.

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