Biology and Philosophy 17 (1):55-70 (2002)

The `fact' of pluralism in science is nosurprise. Yet, if science is representing andexplaining the structure of the oneworld, why is there such a diversity ofrepresentations and explanations in somedomains? In this paper I consider severalphilosophical accounts of scientific pluralismthat explain the persistence of bothcompetitive and compatible alternatives. PaulSherman's `Levels of Analysis' account suggeststhat in biology competition betweenexplanations can be partitioned by the type ofquestion being investigated. I argue that thisaccount does not locate competition andcompatibility correctly. I then defend anintegrative model for understanding pluralism. This view is based on taking seriously both thecomplexity and contingency of biologicalorganization and the idealized character ofbiological models. On this view, explanationbecomes, among other things, the location forthe integration of diverse models. I explicatemy argument by an analysis of explanations ofdivision of labor in social insects
Keywords complexity  division of labor  idealization  levels of analysis  pluralism  self-organization
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Reprint years 2004
DOI 10.1023/A:1012990030867
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References found in this work BETA

The Division of Cognitive Labor.Philip Kitcher - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (1):5-22.
The Disunities of the Sciences.Ian Hacking - 1996 - In Peter Galison & David Stump (eds.), The Disunity of Science. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. pp. 37-74.
XII—Fundamentalism Vs. The Patchwork of Laws.Nancy Cartwright - 19934 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 94 (1):279-292.
Philosophical Papers.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (135):172-173.

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Model Pluralism.Walter Veit - 2019 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 50 (2):91-114.

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