Invisible women in reproductive technologies: Critical reflections

Indian Journal of Medical Ethics 3 (2):NS: 113-9 (2018)

Authors
Piyali Mitra
University Of Calcutta
Abstract
The recent spectacular progress in assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) has resulted in new ethical dilemmas. Though women occupy a central role in the reproductive process, within the ART paradigm, the importance accorded to the embryo commonly surpasses that given to the mother. This commentary questions the increasing tendency to position the embryonic subject in an antagonistic relation with the mother. I examine how the mother’s reproductive autonomy is compromised in relation to that of her embryo and argue in favour of doing away with the subject-object dyad between them, particularly in the contexts of surrogacy and abortion. I also engage with the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016. A critical discussion of the privacy judgment passed by the Supreme Court of India helps examine how personal autonomy of the body and mind extends to include the reproductive autonomy of women as well.
Keywords Feminist ethics  Abortion in India  Surrogacy in India  Right to privacy in India  Embryo ethics  Mother and embryo relation  Maternal ambivalence
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