The English resultative perfect and its relationship to the experiential perfect and the simple past tense
Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (3):323-351 (2008)
A sentence in the Resultative perfect licenses two inferences: (a) the occurrence of an event (b) the state caused by this event obtains at evaluation time. In this paper I show that this use of the perfect is subject to a large number of distributional restrictions that all serve to highlight the result inference at the expense of the event inference. Nevertheless, only the event inference determines the truth conditions of this use of the perfect, the result inference being a unique type of conventional implicature. I argue furthermore that, since the result state is singular, the event that causes it must also be singular, whereas the Experiential perfect is purely quantificational. But in out-of-the-blue contexts the past tense is also normally interpreted as singular. This leads to a certain amount of competition between the Resultative perfect and the past tense, and it is this competition, I suggest, that maintains the conventional (non-truth conditional) result state inference.
|Keywords||Resultative perfect Experiential perfect Target state Conventional implicature Specificity Specific event Singular event Past tense Perfect|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Events in the Semantics of English: A Study in Subatomic Semantics.Terence Parsons - 1990 - MIT Press.
Meaning and Grammar: An Introduction to Semantics.Gennaro Chierchia & Sally McConnell-Ginet - 2000 - MIT Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Memory and Perfect Recall in Extensive Games.Giacomo Bonanno - 2004 - Games and Economic Behavior 47 (2):237-256.
Does a Perfect Activity Necessarily Yield Pleasure? An Evaluation of the Relation Between Pleasure and Activity in Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics VII and X.Gerd van Riel - 1999 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 7 (2):211-224.
The Perfect Set Theorem and Definable Wellorderings of the Continuum.Alexander S. Kechris - 1978 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 43 (4):630-634.
Reference Time and the English Past Tenses.W. P. M. Meyer-Viol & H. S. Jones - 2011 - Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (3):223-256.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads101 ( #50,301 of 2,171,743 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #326,424 of 2,171,743 )
How can I increase my downloads?