Tocqueville’s incomplete, conflicted reflections on whether honor and war have been safely consigned to the past should alert us to the psychological, not merely sociological, difficulty of adjusting to modernity. His thoughts about memory suggest that one form of adjustment is the attempt to re‐enchant the world. Among such attempts are both the European ideologies that have spread to the Middle East—nationalism, communism, and fascism—and religious fundamentalism. The latter, in particular, responds not only to the loss of premodern enchantment, but to the complexity that makes the modern world so chaotically contingent and changeable—deepening the allure of simple precepts, imposed from above, experienced directly, and adhered to inflexibly
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DOI 10.1080/08913810801892911
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The Theory of Moral Sentiments.Adam Smith - 1759 - Dover Publications.
The Wealth of Nations.Adam Smith - 1976 - Hackett Publishing Company.
The Communist Manifesto.Karl Marx - unknown - Yale University Press.
Reflections on the Revolution in France.Edmund Burke - 2009 - London: Oxford University Press.

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