Freud or Nietzsche: the Drives, Pleasure, and Social Happiness

Dissertation, University of Toronto (2004)

Authors
Donovan Miyasaki
Wright State University
Abstract
Many commentators have remarked upon the striking points of correspondence that can be found in the works of Freud and Nietzsche. However, this essay argues that on the subject of desire their work presents us with a radical choice: Freud or Nietzsche. I first argue that Freud’s theory of desire is grounded in the principle of inertia, a principle that is incompatible with his later theory of Eros and the life drive. Furthermore, the principle of inertia is not essentially distinct from his later theory of the death drive. Consequently, Freud’s theory of desire can only be interpreted consistently as a monism of the death drive. I then analyze Nietzsche’s attempt to ground his theory of desire in the concept of the will to power. I argue that Nietzsche’s view of desire is fundamentally opposed to the key elements of Freud’s theory of desire: the principle of constancy, the Freudian definition of the drive, and the pleasure principle. Next, I explicate the stakes of this opposition by analyzing the social consequences of each view for morality and justice. I argue that the Freudian subject seeks to dominate the social other, and that there is an insurmountable conflict between the satisfaction of desire and the demands of social life. Consequently, Freud’s view allows only for a negative conception of the social good in which morality is defined as the intrinsically impossible task of eliminating evil, and justice can be achieved only through the equal distribution of instinctual frustration. Finally, I argue that in Nietzsche’s theory of desire there is no essential conflict between individual desire and social life. The Nietzschean subject desires to manifest power in the form of activity that is independent of external agents, not to dominate the other. Consequently, Nietzsche’s view allows for the possibility of a positively defined concept of the social good in which morality is the affirmation and enhancement of every subject’s happiness, and justice can be achieved through the promotion and protection of an equality of power among subjects.
Keywords Nietzsche  Freud  Moral Psychology  Social Philosophy  Political Philosophy  Ethics
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Nietzsche.Maudemarie Clark - 1999 - Routledge.
Nietzsche and Metaphysical Language.Michel Haar - 1971 - Man and World 4 (4):359-395.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Freud and the 'Homeric' Mind.Jerry S. Clegg - 1974 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 17 (1-4):445 – 456.
Nietzsche's Philosophical Psychology.Paul Katsafanas - 2013 - In John Richardson & Ken Gemes (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Nietzsche. Oxford University Press. pp. 727-755.
Freud and Nietzsche on Sublimation.Ken Gemes - 2009 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 38 (1):38-59.
Nietzsche Contra Freud on Bad Conscience.Donovan Miyasaki - 2010 - Nietzsche-Studien 39 (1):434-454.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-03-16

Total views
852 ( #4,246 of 2,309,317 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
92 ( #6,298 of 2,309,317 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature