Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (2):303-315 (2005)
A model is a representation of something beyond itself in the sense of being used as a representative of that something, and in prompting questions of resemblance between the model and that something. Models are substitute systems that are directly examined in order to indirectly acquire information about their target systems. An experiment is an arrangement seeking to isolate a fragment of the world by controlling for causally relevant things outside that fragment. It is suggested that many theoretical models are (?thought?) experiments, and that many ordinary experiments are (?material?) models. The major difference between the two is that the controls effecting the required isolation are based on material manipulations in one case, and on assumptions in the other.
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References found in this work BETA
Experiments in Economics: Should We Trust the Dismal Scientists in White Coats?Chris Starmer - 1999 - Journal of Economic Methodology 6 (1):1-30.
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Citations of this work BETA
Modelling and Representing: An Artefactual Approach to Model-Based Representation.Tarja Knuuttila - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 42 (2):262-271.
Models, Conjectures and Exploration: An Analysis of Schelling's Checkerboard Model of Residential Segregation.N. Emrah Aydinonat - 2007 - Journal of Economic Methodology 14 (4):429-454.
The Philosophy of Simulation: Hot New Issues or Same Old Stew?Roman Frigg & Julian Reiss - 2009 - Synthese 169 (3):593-613.
MISSing the World. Models as Isolations and Credible Surrogate Systems.Uskali Mäki - 2009 - Erkenntnis 70 (1):29-43.
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