The hard and easy grounding problems (Comment on A. Cangelosi)

Authors
Vincent C. Müller
University of Leeds
Abstract
I see four symbol grounding problems: 1) How can a purely computational mind acquire meaningful symbols? 2) How can we get a computational robot to show the right linguistic behavior? These two are misleading. I suggest an 'easy' and a 'hard' problem: 3) How can we explain and re-produce the behavioral ability and function of meaning in artificial computational agents?4) How does physics give rise to meaning?
Keywords grounding  symbol grounding problem  hard problem  Angelo Cangelosi
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