Sophia 54 (4):429-441 (2015)

Authors
Abstract
In the Incoherence of the Philosophers, Abu Hamid al-Ghazali raised objections against the doctrine of the ‘philosophers’ on 20 specific points. In the first, and longest discussion, he examines and rebuts four of their proofs of the pre-eternity of the world—that is, that the universe as a whole had no beginning but extends perpetually into the past. Al-Ghazali rejects that doctrine. But his own position on the issue does not become clear until he discusses the philosophers’ ‘second proof.’ In this paper, I will examine the relevant text of the Incoherence of the Philosophers, in order to clarify the nature of Al-Ghazali’s position in relation to the second proof. I will explain why Al-Ghazali cannot adopt what I refer to as the ‘naïve’ theological position, according to which God temporally preceded the world. Instead, Al-Ghazali concurs with the philosophers that time is the measure of motion, but he asserts that time was created with the world, both having a beginning before which there was no time. God, on the other hand, is not temporally prior to the world, but neither is he simultaneous, as the second proof supposes. As timelessly eternal, God bears no temporal relation to the world at all. In conclusion, I describe what I refer to as a naïve philosophical position, which is entailed by the second proof, but distinct from both Al-Ghazali’s position and that adopted by Ibn Rushd in his critique of Al-Ghazali in the Incoherence of the Incoherence. I argue that this naïve philosophical position is incoherent
Keywords Al-Ghazali  Incoherence of the philosophers  Ibn Rushd  Islamic philosophy  Time  Creation  Eternity  Incoherence of the incoherence  Kalam
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s11841-014-0458-5
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 55,981
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Al-Ghazali.Frank Griffel - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Ghazali on the Creation Vs. Eternity of the World.Raja Bahlul - 1992 - Philosophy and Theology 6 (3):259-275.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Ghazali on the Creation Vs. Eternity of the World.Raja Bahlul - 1992 - Philosophy and Theology 6 (3):259-275.
Al-Ghazali's Tahafut Al-Falasifah = Incoherence of the Philosophers.Sabih Ahmad Ghazzali & Kamali - 1958 - Pakistan Philosophical Congress ; Distributor, Mohammad Ashrof Darr.
Al-Ghazali on Power, Causation, and 'Acquisition'.Edward Omar Moad - 2007 - Philosophy East and West 57 (1):1-13.
Is There a Logic of Incoherence?Andre Kukla - 1995 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 9 (1):59 – 71.
Causality According To Ghazali.Dr A. Khadimi - unknown - Kheradnameh Sadra Quarterly 17.
Ghazali on Miracles and Necessary Connection.George Giacaman & Raja Bahlul - 2000 - Medieval Philosophy and Theology 9 (1):39-50.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2015-09-16

Total views
58 ( #170,278 of 2,403,579 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
5 ( #156,166 of 2,403,579 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes