The Subject as Substance

The Owl of Minerva 41 (1-2):61-83 (2009)
Bruno Bauer’s response to Max Stirner’s Der Einzige und sein Eigentum (1845) is here examined closely, for the first time. In working out their concepts of freedom and self-determination, the Hegelian Left stressed different elements in the synthesis which Hegel himself had effected. Options appear that can be described as generally Fichtean or Spinozistic; each has distinct political and ethical implications. Bauer’s claim is that Stirner “Unique One” is to be understood as a version of Spinozist substance, which fails to rise to the Fichtean-Hegelian standpoint of rational subjectivit y which his own thought represents. The paper endorses Bauer’s conclusion that essential differences between his republicanism and universalism, as opposed to Stirner’s anarchism and particularism, can be traced to divergent receptions of Fichte and Spinoza, as mediated through Hegel. With references to Hegel’s critiques of Spinoza, the paper reconstructs Bauer’s argumentation on the inadequacies of a merely substantial view of freedom
Keywords Major Philosophers
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ISBN(s) 0030-7580
DOI 10.5840/owl2009/2010411/226
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‘Ownness Created a New Freedom’: Max Stirner’s Alternative Concept of Liberty.Saul Newman - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-21.

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