Three Philosophical Lessons for the Analysis of Criminal and Military Intelligence

Intelligence and National Security 27 (4):441-58 (2012)
It has recently been suggested that philosophy – in particular epistemology – has a contribution to make to the analysis of criminal and military intelligence. The present article pursues this suggestion, taking three phenomena that have recently been studied by philosophers, and showing that they have important implications for the gathering and sharing of intelligence, and for the use of intelligence in the determining of military strategy. The phenomena discussed are: (1) Simpson's Paradox, (2) the distinction between resiliency and reliability of data, and (3) the Causal Markov Condition.
Keywords Criminal Intelligence  Military Intelligence
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