The Placebo Effect: How the Subconscious Fits in


Abstract
A much-cited definition of placebo is from Shapiro and Shapiro :"any therapy that is intentionally or knowingly used for its nonspecific, psychological, or psychophysiological, therapeutic effect, or that is used for a presumed specific therapeutic effect on a patient, symptom, or illness but is without specific activity for the condition being treated". What nonspecific means and how it relates to the psyche has been written about extensively yet inconclusively. In the end, the term nonspecific doesn't say anything about the crux of the matter.Talking about placebo, one first has to distinguish between " placebo effect proper" and "perceived placebo effect." The.
Keywords Humans   Pain   Endorphins   Placebos   Autosuggestion   Unconscious   Conditioning, Classical   Placebo Effect   Mind-Body Relations, Metaphysical  info:mesh/Pain  info:mesh/Placebo Effect  info:mesh/Humans  info:mesh/Conditioning, Classical  info:mesh/Autosuggestion  info:mesh/Endorphins  info:mesh/Mind-Body Relations, Metaphysical  info:mesh/Placebos  info:mesh/Unconscious
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DOI 10.1353/pbm.2012.0005
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