Origines et fondements philosophiques de la relativité : les conceptions de Mach, Galilée et Einstein

Philosophiques 22 (1):21-34 (1995)

Abstract
RÉSUMÉ L'article qui suit se propose de montrer que le concept de « relativité » trouve, dans les conceptions de Mach, de Galilée et d'Einstein, une origine et un fondement philosophiques différents. En mettant ainsi en évidence les différences fondamentales qui séparent ces conceptions, il s'oppose en particulier à toute interprétation visant à faire de la théorie de la relativité d'Einstein, un « prolongement » de la philosophie positiviste de Mach et du principe galiléen de relativité. ABSTRACT The following paper analyses relativity's philosophical origin and fundament through the conceptions of Mach, Galileo and Einstein. It emphasizes the fundamental differences that lie between these conceptions thus opposing all interpretations suggesting that Einstein's theory of relativity can he properly described as being a mere "extension" of Mach's positivism and Galileo's principle of relativity.
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DOI 10.7202/027306ar
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