Axiomathes 19 (4):425-439 (2009)
Evidence-based approaches to policy-making are growing in popularity. A generally embraced view is that with the appropriate evidence at hand, decision and policy making will be optimal, legitimate and publicly accountable. In practice, however, evidence-based policy making is constrained by a variety of problems of evidence. Some of these problems will be explored in this article, in the context of the debates on evidence from which they originate. It is argued that the source of much disagreement might be a failure to addressing crucial philosophical assumptions that inform, often silently, these debates. Three controversial questions will be raised which appear central to some of the challenges faced by evidence-based policy making: firstly, how do certain types of facts candidate themselves as evidence; secondly, how do we decide what evidence we have, and how much of it; and thirdly, can we combine evidence. In addressing these questions it will be shown how a philosophically informed debate might prove instrumental in clarifying and settling practical difficulties.
|Keywords||Evidence Policy-making Facts Practical objectivity Transparency|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
The Empire of Chance How Probability Changed Science and Everyday Life.Gerd Gigerenzer, Zeno Swijtink, Theodore Porter, Lorraine Daston, John Beatty & Lorenz Kruger - 1989 - Cambridge University Press.
Evidence-Based Policy: Where is Our Theory of Evidence?N. Cartwright, A. Goldfinch & J. Howick - 2009 - Journal of Children’s Services 4 (4):6--14.
Citations of this work BETA
Using Science, Making Policy: What Should We Worry About?Eleonora Montuschi - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 7 (1):57-78.
Similar books and articles
Argumentation and Evidence.R. E. G. Upshur & Errol Colak - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (4):283-299.
The Concept of Evidence in Evidence-Based Practice.Tone Kvernbekk - 2011 - Educational Theory 61 (5):515-532.
Evidence-Based Education Policy: What Evidence? What Basis? Whose Policy? – Edited by D. Bridges, P. Smeyers and R. Smith. [REVIEW]Jim Mackenzie - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (1):117-119.
Public Health Policy, Evidence, and Causation: Lessons From the Studies on Obesity.Federica Russo - 2012 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2):141-151.
Evidence-Based Policy: What's to Be Done About Relevance? [REVIEW]Nancy Cartwright - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 143 (1):127 - 136.
Basic Skills Provision for Offenders on Probation Supervision: Beyond a Rhetoric of Evidence-Based Policy?Caroline Hudson - 2003 - British Journal of Educational Studies 51 (1):64 - 81.
Toward Evidence-Based Evidence: Supporting Forensic Knowledge Claims in the Post-Daubert Era.Simon A. Cole - unknown
Inquiry and Evidence: From the Experimenter's Regress to Evidence-Based Policy.Matthew J. Brown - manuscript
Added to index2009-10-14
Total downloads64 ( #82,945 of 2,177,988 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #166,811 of 2,177,988 )
How can I increase my downloads?