Self-Defence and Innocence: Aggressors and Active Threats: Phillip Montague

Utilitas 12 (1):62-78 (2000)

Abstract
Although people generally agree that innocent targets of culpable aggression are justified in harming the aggressors in self-defence, there is considerable disagreement regarding whether innocents are justified in defending themselves when their doing so would harm other innocent people. I argue in this essay that harming innocent aggressors and active innocent threats in self-defence is indeed justified under certain conditions, but that defensive actions in such cases are justified as permissions rather than as claim rights. This justification therefore differs from that of self-defence against culpable aggressors, since defensive acts of the latter type are justified as claim rights rather than mere permissions. I argue, however, that the two justifications are alike in that both rest on considerations of distributive justice.
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DOI 10.1017/S0953820800002612
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References found in this work BETA

Self-Defense and Choosing Between Lives.Phillip Montague - 1981 - Philosophical Studies 40 (2):207 - 219.
The Morality of Self-Defense: A Reply to Wasserman.Phillip Montague - 1989 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 18 (1):81-89.
Self‐Defence and Forcing the Choice Between Lives.Seumas Miller - 1992 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 9 (2):239-243.

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Citations of this work BETA

Defense.Kai Draper - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 145 (1):69 - 88.
Recent Work on the Ethics of Self-Defense.Tyler Doggett - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (4):220-233.
The Ethics of Killing: Problems at the Margins of Life.F. Kamm - 2007 - Philosophical Review 116 (2):273-280.

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