Causation and Responsibility

Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (2):1-51 (1999)
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Abstract

In various areas of Anglo-American law, legal liability turns on causation. In torts and contracts, we are each liable only for those harms we havecausedby the actions that breach our legal duties. Such doctrines explicitly make causation an element of liability. In criminal law, sometimes the causal element for liability is equally explicit, as when a statute makes punishable any act that has “caused… abuse to the child….” More often, the causal element in criminal liability is more implicit, as when criminal statutes prohibitkillings, maimings, rapings, burnings, etc. Such causally complex action verbs are correctly applied only to defendants who have caused death, caused disfigurement, caused penetration, caused fire damage, etc.

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References found in this work

Individuals.P. F. Strawson - 1959 - Garden City, N.Y.: Routledge.
Causation.David Lewis - 1973 - Journal of Philosophy 70 (17):556-567.
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A Probabilistic Theory of Causality.P. Suppes - 1973 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 24 (4):409-410.
Causation and the flow of energy.David Fair - 1979 - Erkenntnis 14 (3):219 - 250.

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