Naturalistic explanations of apodictic moral claims: Brentano's ethical intuitionism and Nietzsche's naturalism [Book Review]
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (2):159 - 182 (2007)
In this article (1) I extract from Brentano’s works (three) formal arguments against “genealogical explanations” of ethical claims. Such explanation can also be designated as “naturalism” (not his appellation); (2) I counter these arguments, by showing how genealogical explanations of even apodictic moral claims are logically possible (albeit only if certain unlikely, stringent conditions are met); (3) I show how Nietzsche’s ethics meets these stringent conditions, but evolutionary ethics does not. My more general thesis is that naturalism and intuitionism in ethics need not be mutually incompatible.
|Keywords||Brentano’s ethics Darwinian ethics evolutionary ethics genetic fallacy intuitionism moral intuition Nietzsche naturalistic fallacy naturalism psychologism|
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References found in this work BETA
Unto Others: The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior.Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson - 1998 - Harvard University Press.
Taking Darwin Seriously: A Naturalistic Approach to Philosophy.Michael Ruse - 1986 - Prometheus Books.
The Ant and the Peacock: Altruism and Sexual Selection From Darwin to Today.Helen Cronin - 1995 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (1):122-138.
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