A Critical Textual Understanding: The Reading Process of Wolfgang Iser

The critical theory provides the method how to understand the text through the reading. Therefore, language, their signs, discourses, and units of sentences are the most prominent things while we are reading the text. It needs to deal with the reading process of the reader and the text’s critical and methodological explanation by Wolfgang Iser. It needs to study Iser’s critical essay: “The Reading Process: A Phenomenological Approach” (1972) to understand the interrelation of reader-writer-text. He has given two reading processes are - (i) First Reading, and (ii) Second Reading. The first reading is different from the second and the second reading process automatically filling the gaps. Thus, the reader can get easily actual sense of understanding of writer or text’s meaning. However, this paper covers to contribute the act of reading and their effect on the reader’s mind and their imaginary world, which has experienced to the reader. The reader plays a role to create the multiple meaning. This theory opens the door for the reader how he can fill the gaps with the help of second reading experience. This study comes to conclude that the reader plays an active role and completing the reading process through the second reading and the reader completes his reading process in successful manner it proves by Iser.
Keywords Phenomenological approach   filling the gaps  reading  first reading  second reading
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