Artificial Ef-femination

Abstract
Many feminist and queer scholars believe that one way to fight racism, sexism and homophobia is to challenge identity labels---ideas of what it means to be “black,” “gay,” “white,” “woman,” “lesbian.” Biology, however, continues to thwart this political agenda; the Body---the biological reality of skin color and sex chromosomes---makes it difficult to propose the idea that identity labels are merely social constructs, not natural facts. Female bodybuilding is a performance that literalizes the body as a site of artificial construction, of intervention, modification. Furthermore, female bodybuilding is a performance of gender bending---women who construct hypermuscular bodies disrupt social norms of gender, performing a kind of self-styled hermaphroditism that begs the question, “why?” This essay explores how female body builders challenge identity labels of sex and gender because of the fact that their gender transgressions occur at the physiological level of the body. I argue that female bodybuilders parody dominant labeling philosophies of sex, gender, and sexual orientation, challenging our sex/gender paradigm in very unique ways
Keywords Applied Philosophy  Contemporary Philosophy
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s) 1077-1999
DOI 10.5840/pcw20041114
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
Edit this record
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Mark as duplicate
Request removal from index
Revision history
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 30,781
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Feminist Perspectives on Sex and Gender.Mari Mikkola - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Ontological Commitments, Sex and Gender.Mari Mikkola - 2011 - In Charlotte Witt (ed.), Feminist Metaphysics. Springer. pp. 67--83.
Gender.Claire Colebrook - 2004 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
From Gender as Performative to Feminist Performance Art.Gertrude Postl - 2009 - Radical Philosophy Review 12 (1/2):87-103.
Judith Butler.Sara Salih - 2002 - Routledge.
Phantom Penises in Transsexuals.V. S. Ramachandran & Paul D. McGeoch - 2008 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (1):5-16.
Sex, Gender, and Science.Myra J. Hird - 2004 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
Reading Transgender, Rethinking Women's Studies.Cressida J. Heyes - 2000 - National Women's Studies Association Journal 12 (2):170-180.
Added to PP index
2011-01-09

Total downloads
24 ( #217,931 of 2,199,425 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #299,438 of 2,199,425 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads
My notes
Sign in to use this feature