Between Heidelberg and Marburg: On the Aufbau’s Neokantian Origins and the AP/CP-Divide

Sapere Aude! 1:22 - 50 (2006)
In A Parting of the Ways Michael Friedman proposed to conceive the contemporary divide between analytic philosophy (AP) and continental philosophy (CP) as the outcome of the bifurcation between the Neokantians of Heidelbarg and Marburg. According to Friedman, Carnap can be characterized as the executor of the Marburg school, while Heidegger is to be considered as the heir of the Southwest Neokantianism. In this paper it is argued that Carnap was much closer to the Southwest Neokantianism than usually recognized. To some extent, Carnap’s project in the Aufbau may be described as an attempt to modernize the Neokantian approach of the Southwest school with the help of modern relational logic. This entails that Carnap cannot be lined so easily with the Marburg school as Friedman assumes.
Keywords Carnap, Cassirer, Rickert, Aufbau, Neokantianism, Analyitic vs. Continental Philosophy
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