Ciencia, Ilusión y Creencia: Pensar la Fe desde el Psicoanálisis

Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 59 (2):431 - 453 (2003)

Abstract
A interpretação freudiana do facto religioso partiu de pressupostos filosóficos e científicos que, necessariamente, haveriam de ser questionados pela psicanálise posterior. Sem dúvida, não foi fácil fazer a distinção entre aquilo que correspondia as posiçàõs do homem Freud daquilo que por sua própria dinâmica derivava do psicanalítico. O presente artigo mostra, em particular, como o conceito de ilusão foi submetido a uma revisão que possibilita um relançamento do diálogo entre a psicanálise e a fé religiosa. Mostra também como a partir de aí a psicanálise se nos oferece como uma interrogação decisiva sobre o papel que atribuímos ao desejo na constituição da crença e sobre as estratégias que o desejo infantil possa desempenhar nos modos de representar a Deus e de conceber a salvação que nos oferece. A resposta a esta interrogação só será possível a partir de uma análise da singularidade do sujeito da enunciação. /// The Freudian interpretation of the religious fact is founded on philosophical and scientific presuppositions that have been necessarily put into question by later psychoanalysis. It was, without doubt, difficult to establish a distinction between what corresponded to Freud the man and what developed from the very dynamics of psychoanalytical process. This article demonstrates especially how the concept of illusion was revised in such a way that a dialogue between psychoanalysis and religious faith has become newly possible. It demonstrates, in consequence of this dialogue, how psychoanalysis offers a decisive questioning about the role that we attribute to desire in the constitution of belief. It can also bring to light the strategies that infantile desire can play in the modes by which God is represented and in the way salvation is thereby conceived. A response to this questioning is only possible by analyzing the singularity of the subject who proffers the enunciation. The Freudian interpretation of the religious fact is founded on philosophical and scientific presuppositions that have been necessarily put into question by later psychoanalysis. It was, without doubt, difficult to establish a distinction between what corresponded to Freud the man and what developed from the very dynamics of psychoanalytical process. This article demonstrates especially how the concept of illusion was revised in such a way that a dialogue between psychoanalysis and religious faith has become newly possible. It demonstrates, in consequence of this dialogue, how psychoanalysis offers a decisive questioning about the role that we attribute to desire in the constitution of belief. It can also bring to light the strategies that infantile desire can play in the modes by which God is represented and in the way salvation is thereby conceived. A response to this questioning is only possible by analyzing the singularity of the subject who proffers the enunciation.
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