Jorge Morales
Johns Hopkins University
Consciousness and confidence seem intimately related. Accordingly, some researchers use confidence ratings as a measure of, or proxy for, consciousness. Rosenthal discusses the potential connections between the two, and rejects confidence as a valid measure of consciousness. He argues that there are better alternatives to get at conscious experiences such as direct subjective reports of awareness (i.e. subjects’ reports of perceiving something or of the degree of visibility of a stimulus). In this chapter, we offer a different perspective. Confidence ratings in general, and metacognitive measures in particular, may offer important advantages over subjective ratings. The arguments we offer here are supported by empirical, practical and socio-strategic considerations. However, we do not suggest consciousness and confidence are interchangeable. We recognize the limitations of confidence ratings in some experimental designs and for some research questions. Nevertheless, we also address a potential conceptual link between consciousness and confidence that stems from Rosenthal’s very own work on mental quality space theory.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Buy the book Find it on
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Introspection Is Signal Detection.Jorge Morales - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Awareness as Confidence.Erin Shaver, Brian Maniscalco & Hakwan Lau - 2008 - Anthropology and Philosophy 9 (1-2):58-65.
Subjective Probability Estimates and Confidence Ratings.Lee R. Beach & James A. Wise - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (3p1):438.
On Confidence.Nathan Rotenstreich - 1972 - Philosophy 47 (182):348 - 358.


Added to PP index

Total views
128 ( #80,701 of 2,439,320 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
84 ( #7,624 of 2,439,320 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes