The Journal of Neuroscience 38 (14):3534-3546 (2018)

Authors
Jorge Morales
Johns Hopkins University
Abstract
Metacognition is the capacity to evaluate the success of one's own cognitive processes in various domains; for example, memory and perception. It remains controversial whether metacognition relies on a domain-general resource that is applied to different tasks or if self-evaluative processes are domain specific. Here, we investigated this issue directly by examining the neural substrates engaged when metacognitive judgments were made by human participants of both sexes during perceptual and memory tasks matched for stimulus and performance characteristics. By comparing patterns of fMRI activity while subjects evaluated their performance, we revealed both domain-specific and domain-general metacognitive representations. Multivoxel activity patterns in anterior prefrontal cortex predicted levels of confidence in a domain-specific fashion, whereas domain-general signals predicting confidence and accuracy were found in a widespread network in the frontal and posterior midline. The demonstration of domain-specific metacognitive representations suggests the presence of a content-rich mechanism available to introspection and cognitive control.
Keywords metacognition  confidence  memory  perception  prefrontal cortex  fMRI
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

How to Measure Metacognition.Stephen M. Fleming & Hakwan C. Lau - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.

View all 9 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

An Integrative Theory of Prefrontal Cortex Function.Earl K. Miller & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2001 - Annual Review of Neuroscience 24 (1):167-202.
How Does the Attentional Pointer Work in Prefrontal Cortex?Naoyuki Osaka - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):751-751.
Metacognition in Multisensory Perception.Ophelia Deroy, Charles Spence & Uta Noppeney - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (10):736-747.
Missing the Syntactic Piece.Angela D. Friederici & Ina Bornkessel - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):735-736.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2019-03-07

Total views
62 ( #171,846 of 2,448,343 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
15 ( #44,507 of 2,448,343 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes