Hale on the Absoluteness of Logical Necessity

Acta Analytica 32 (1):1-11 (2017)
Authors
Hashem Morvarid
Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences
Abstract
Hale has argued that logical necessities are absolute in the sense that there is no competing kind of modality under which they may be false. In this paper, I argue that there are competing kinds of modality, which I call “essentialist modalities,” under which logical necessities may be false. Since it is counter-intuitive to say that logical necessities are not absolute, my argument, if correct, shows that Hale’s characterization of absolute necessity does not adequately capture the intuitive notion of absolute necessity. Then, a qualified version of Hale’s characterization of absolute necessity is proposed. On the qualified version, the absoluteness of logical necessities is no longer defeated by essentialist possibilities.
Keywords Absolute necessity  Competing modality  Logical necessity  Essence  Essentialist modalities
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DOI 10.1007/s12136-016-0290-3
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