Musical Training, Bilingualism, and Executive Function: A Closer Look at Task Switching and Dual‐Task Performance

Cognitive Science 39 (5):992-1020 (2015)

Abstract
This study investigated whether musical training and bilingualism are associated with enhancements in specific components of executive function, namely, task switching and dual-task performance. Participants belonging to one of four groups were matched on age and socioeconomic status and administered task switching and dual-task paradigms. Results demonstrated reduced global and local switch costs in musicians compared with non-musicians, suggesting that musical training can contribute to increased efficiency in the ability to shift flexibly between mental sets. On dual-task performance, musicians also outperformed non-musicians. There was neither a cognitive advantage for bilinguals relative to monolinguals, nor an interaction between music and language to suggest additive effects of both types of experience. These findings demonstrate that long-term musical training is associated with improvements in task switching and dual-task performance
Keywords Musical training  Bilingualism  Dual‐task performance  Task switching  Executive function  Transfer of training
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DOI 10.1111/cogs.12183
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References found in this work BETA

Costs of a Predictible Switch Between Simple Cognitive Tasks.Robert D. Rogers & Stephen Monsell - 1995 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 124 (2):207.
The Linguistic Benefits of Musical Abilities.Aniruddh D. Patel & John R. Iversen - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (9):369-372.

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Dual-Task Method in Determining Load Differences.Paul Stager & Karen Zufelt - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (1):113.

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