Systems of modal logic for impossible worlds

Abstract
The intuitive notion behind the usual semantics of most systems of modal logic is that of ?possible worlds?. Loosely speaking, an expression is necessary if and only if it holds in all possible worlds; it is possible if and only if it holds in some possible world. Of course, contradictory expressions turn out to hold in no possible worlds, and logically true expressions turn out to hold in every possible world. A method is presented for transforming standard modal systems into systems of modal logic for impossible worlds. To each possible world there corresponds an impossible world such that an expression holds in the impossible world if and only if it does not hold in the possible world. One can then talk about such worlds quite consistently, and there seems to be no logical reason for excluding them from consideration
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DOI 10.1080/00201747308601687
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Sentential Calculus for Logical Falsehoods.Charles G. Morgan - 1973 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 14 (3):347-353.

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