The thesis of this paper is that games and sports that harm nonhuman animals are unethical because they exceed the permissible limits of optional harm and the more harm the game imposes on the nonhuman animal(s) it objectifies the worse the ethical transgression. Factors in the analysis include the nature of games and sports, the ontology of beings (i.e., human and nonhuman animals) in games, the mitigating power of informed consent among human game-players and its absence among nonhuman game players, harm, and intent.
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DOI 10.22618/tp.pjcv.20182.2.437012
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References found in this work BETA

What is It Like to Be a Bat?Thomas Nagel - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (October):435-50.
What is It Like to Be a Bat?Thomas Nagel - 2003 - In John Heil (ed.), Philosophy of Mind: A Guide and Anthology. Oxford University Press.
The Elements of Sport.Bernard Suits - 2007 - In William J. Morgan (ed.), Ethics in Sport. Human Kinetics. pp. 9--19.
The Normative Heights and Depths of Play.R. Scott Kretchmar - 2007 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 34 (1):1-12.

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A Moral Defense of Trophy Hunting and Why It Fails.S. P. Morris - 2020 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 15 (3):386-399.

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