Augustinian Science: Alvin Plantinga’s Idea on Philosophizing and Scientific Theorizing Based on Religious Belief

Dissertation, Mofid University (2011)
Alvin Plantinga believes there are some kinds of conflicts between some deliverances of science and religious beliefs. To correct, on the one hand, misinterpretations of the Scripture and, on the other hand, wrong scientific claims, he proposes, we must use in science all of what we know: what we find through experience, as well as what we know by way of faith. Methodological naturalism, one of methodological assumptions of scientific practice, prevents us to achieve this goal. According to methodological naturalism, scientists can’t use supernatural explanation, evidence and concept in science. In addition to rejecting methodological naturalism, Plantinga maintains many theories in humanities apply normative concepts and definitions; and religion can be used as a source for this concepts and definitions. In summary, Plantinga’s idea, Augustinian Science, has been based on four principles: using hermeneutical finding along with empirical evidence in science; rejecting methodological naturalism; using normative concepts and definitions which comes from religious world view, in theories which need them; assuming properly basic beliefs of believers. First chapter of this thesis is a brief introduction to the subject of relation between science and religion in addition with some remarks on the old and the new creationist movements. In second chapter, Plantinga’s idea has been reported in details and, then, in the third chapter, an analysis and evaluation of it has been presented. I viewed Augustinian Science from three different aspect (epistemology, religion and science) in which I considered three distinctive features for every aspect (possibility, necessity and realization). I concluded Augustinian Science has some implications and weaknesses which cannot be removed even by assuming reformed epistemology.
Keywords Augustinian Science  methodological naturalism  Christian Philosophy  religion-based science
Categories (categorize this paper)
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index Translate to english
Download options
PhilPapers Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 24,479
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
S. Muhammad-Taqīy Mudarrisī (2011). Methodology of Augustinian Science. Methodology of Social Sciences and Humanities (69):7-39.
Michael Ruse (2005). Methodological Naturalism Under Attack. South African Journal of Philosophy 24 (1):44-60.
Reed Richter (2002). What Science Can and Cannot Say: The Problems with Methodological Naturalism. Reports of the National Center for Science Education 22 (Jan-Apr 2002):18-22.
Geoff Childers (2011). What's Wrong with the Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism? International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 69 (3):193-204.

Monthly downloads

Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.

Added to index


Total downloads


Recent downloads (6 months)


How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature

Start a new thread
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.