Divine Command, Divine Will, and Moral Obligation

Faith and Philosophy 15 (1):3-27 (1998)
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Abstract

In this article I consider the respective merits of three interpretations of divine command theory. On DCT1, S’s being morally obligated to φ depends on God’s command that S φ; on DCT2, that moral obligation depends on God’s willing that S be morally obligated to φ; on DCT3, that moral obligation depends on God’s willing that S φ. I argue that the positive reasons that have been brought forward in favor of DCT1 have implications theists would find disturbing and that the positive reasons brought forward in favor of DCT2 support only a weak formulation of DCT2 that is indistinguishable from other theistic moral theories. DCT3 is, however, a distinctive theory that theists have strong reasons to affirm.

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Mark C. Murphy
Georgetown University

Citations of this work

Could Morality Have a Source?Chris Heathwood - 2012 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 6 (2):1-19.
Theological voluntarism.Mark Murphy - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Divine Desire Theory and Obligation.Christian B. Miller - 2008 - In Yujin Nagasawa & Erik J. Wielenberg (eds.), New waves in philosophy of religion. New York: Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 105--24.
Restricted Theological Voluntarism.Mark C. Murphy - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (10):679-690.

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References found in this work

Absolute Creation.Thomas V. Morris & Christopher Menzel - 1986 - American Philosophical Quarterly 23 (4):353 - 362.

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