Agriculture and Human Values 29 (2):231-246 (2012)

Abstract
Dominant development discourse and policy are based on crucial misconceptions about peasants and their livelihoods. Peasants are viewed as inherently poor and hungry and their farming systems are considered inefficient, of low productivity, and sometimes even environmentally degrading. Consequently, dominant development policies have tried to transform peasants into something else: industrialised commercial farmers, wage labourers, urban workers, etc. This article seeks to deconstruct three key misconceptions about peasants by explaining how and why marginalised peasants around the world face poverty and hunger. An explanation of the process of marginalisation of peasants through the influence of five “mediating factors” is put forward. It is contended that by addressing the mediating factors through policies devised with the active participation of peasants, the marginalisation of peasants would be reduced or eliminated. This would allow peasants to forge an adequate livelihood in rural areas based on their independent farming, and thereby contribute to the achievement of food sovereignty
Keywords Food sovereignty  Rural poverty  Peasant  Brazil
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s10460-011-9345-7
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 57,041
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Symposium on Soviet Peasants.David Gross - 1986 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1986 (68):109-127.
Hunger in Canada.Barbara Davis & Valerie Tarasuk - 1994 - Agriculture and Human Values 11 (4):50-57.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2013-11-23

Total views
29 ( #357,803 of 2,410,621 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
5 ( #149,522 of 2,410,621 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes