Neo-Positivist or Neo-Kantian? Karl Popper and the Vienna Circle

Philosophy 85 (4):511-530 (2010)
  Copy   BIBTEX


This paper re-contextualises Popper within a Kantian tradition by examining his interaction with the Vienna Circle. The complexity of Popper's relationship to the Vienna Circle is often a point of confusion as some view him as a member of the Vienna Circle while others minimise his association with this group. This paper argues that Popper was not a member of the Vienna Circle or a positivist but shared many neo-Kantian philosophical tendencies with the members of the Circle as well as many of their philosophical problems and interests. By better understanding the influence of the Circle's members upon Popper, we not only remove the myths surrounding Popper's positivism, but also place the logical positivism of the Vienna Circle within its proper philosophical context. This paper further argues that it was Popper's friend during his formative philosophical years in Vienna, Julius Kraft who was responsible for the way in which Popper approached Kant. Through Kraft, Popper was introduced to the thought of Leonard Nelson and Jakob Fries as well as a tradition of critical rationalism which Popper would continue both in his methodological orientation as well as through his late German Enlightenment intellectual values.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 74,429

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Karl Popper’s Debt to Leonard Nelson.Nikolay Milkov - 2012 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 86 (1):137-56.
Heinrich Gomperz, Karl Popper and “Austrian Philosophy”.Martin Seiler - 1993 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 1:293-295.
Karl Popper, the Vienna Circle, and Red Vienna.Malachi H. Hacohen - 1998 - Journal of the History of Ideas 59 (4):711--734.
Vienna Circle on Determinism.Tomasz Placek - 2014 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 17:183-195.
Recovering Popper: For the Left?Bruce Caldwell - 2005 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 17 (1-2):49-68.
Positivism and Politics the Vienna Circle as a Social Movement.Marx W. Wartofsky - 1982 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 16 (1):79-101.
Otto Neurath, the Vienna Circle and the Austrian Tradition.Thomas E. Uebel - 1999 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 44:249-269.


Added to PP

49 (#237,072)

6 months
2 (#276,905)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Citations of this work

Proposal for a Degree of Scientificity in Cosmology.Juliano C. S. Neves - 2020 - Foundations of Science 25 (3):857-878.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Against Method.Paul Feyerabend - 1975 - London: New Left Books.
Against Method.P. Feyerabend - 1975 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 26 (4):331-342.
The Positivist Dispute in German Sociology.Theodor W. Adorno - 1976 - New York: Heinemann Educational Books.
Foundations of Space-Time Theories.Micheal Friedman - 1983 - Princeton University Press.

View all 19 references / Add more references