American Philosophical Quarterly 35 (1):87-100 (1998)
According to the cosmological argument, there must be a self-existent being, because, if every being were a dependent being, we would lack an explanation of the fact that there are any dependent beings at all, rather than nothing. This argument faces an important, but little-noticed objection: If self-existent beings may exist, why may not also self-explanatory facts also exist? And if self-explanatory facts may exist, why may not the fact that there are any dependent beings be a self-explanatory fact? And if that fact is self-explanatory, why make recourse to self-existent beings? This line of questioning is surprisingly hard to answer, but I find resources for an answer in Bertrand Russell's logical atomism.
|Keywords||theistic argument cosmological argument Clarke, Samuel Russell, Bertrand Rowe, William logical atomism principle of sufficient reason self-explanatory facts|
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