The Two Pratyabhijñā Theories of Error

Journal of Indian Philosophy 40 (2):225-257 (2012)
In this essay, it is argued that Abhinavagupta’s theory of error, the apūrṇakhyāti theory, synthesizes two distinguishable Pratyabhijñā treatments of error that were developed in three phases prior to him. The first theory was developed in two stages, initially by Somānanda in the Śivadṛṣṭi (ŚD) and subsequently by Utpaladeva in his Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikās (ĪPK) and his short autocommentary thereon, the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvṛtti (ĪPVṛ). This theory served to explain individual acts of misperception, and it was developed with the philosophy of the Buddhist epistemologists in mind. In a third phase, Utpaladeva developed in his Śivadṛṣṭivṛtti (ŚDVṛ) a second theory of error, one that involved the noncognition of non-duality ( abhedākhyāti ) and served to explain both the appearance and perception of multiplicity, despite the strict monism to which all Pratyabhijñā authors subscribe. Abhinavagupta’s treatment of error, then, is significant not only because it was meant to explain all the various theories of error offered by opposing philosophical schools, as Rastogi has shown, but more importantly because it synthesized the thinking of his predecessors on the matter in a single, elegant account of error
Keywords Pratyabhijñā   apūrṇakhyāti   abhedākhyāti   abheda  Error  Buddhist epistemologists
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s10781-011-9130-3
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
Download options
PhilPapers Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 24,433
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
Isabelle Ratié (2007). Otherness in the Pratyabhijñā Philosophy. Journal of Indian Philosophy 35 (4):313-370.
Eli Franco (1993). Did Dignāga Accept Four Types of Perception? Journal of Indian Philosophy 21 (3):295-299.

View all 13 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
John Nemec (2014). The Evidence for Somānanda's Pantheism. Journal of Indian Philosophy 42 (1):99-114.
Rafaele Torella (2013). Pratyabhijñā and Philology. Journal of the American Oriental Society 133 (4):705.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Richard Joyce (2011). The Error In 'The Error In The Error Theory'. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (3):519-534.
Bart Streumer (2013). Can We Believe the Error Theory? Journal of Philosophy 110 (4):194-212.
Isabelle Ratié (2007). Otherness in the Pratyabhijñā Philosophy. Journal of Indian Philosophy 35 (4):313-370.
John Mizzoni (2010). Evolution and Error Theory. Social Science Information 49 (2):165-194.
Andy Egan (2007). Quasi-Realism and Fundamental Moral Error. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 85 (2):205 – 219.

Monthly downloads

Added to index


Total downloads

8 ( #467,798 of 1,925,094 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

1 ( #418,130 of 1,925,094 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature

Start a new thread
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.