Why are three-dimensional organisms composed of two-dimensional layers?

Foundations of Science 12 (1):1-7 (2007)
Multicellular organisms are ensembles of quasi-two-dimensional structures (sheets) of various kinds. Why should the development of all organisms be mediated by a quasi-two-dimensional structure? Why does such development avoid a direct confrontation with the third dimension? In this paper, we accept the challenge of addressing this question from the perspective of computational geometry and suggest that the construction of three-dimensional organisms may be explained by the constraints imposed on a bottom-up construction process.
Keywords analytical geometry  cognition  computational geometry  dimensionality of organisms  interdisciplinary research
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DOI 10.1007/s10699-006-9104-1
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