Fairness as 'Appropriate Impartiality' and the Problem of the Self Serving Bias

Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (3):695-709 (2016)

Authors
Charlotte Newey
University of Reading
Charlotte Newey
University of Reading
Abstract
Garrett Cullity contends that fairness is appropriate impartiality Chapters 8 and 10 and Cullity ). Cullity deploys his account of fairness as a means of limiting the extreme moral demand to make sacrifices in order to aid others that was posed by Peter Singer in his seminal article ‘Famine, Affluence and Morality’. My paper is founded upon the combination of the observation that the idea that fairness consists in appropriate impartiality is very vague and the fact that psychological studies show the self-serving bias is especially likely to infect one’s judgements when the ideas involved are vague. I argue that Cullity’s solution to extreme moral demandingness is threatened by these findings. I then comment on whether some other theories of fairness are vulnerable to the same objection.
Keywords Moral Demandingness  Fairness  Impartiality  Moral Obligation  Self-Serving Bias  Cullity, Broome  Murphy  Poverty Alleviation
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DOI 10.1007/s10677-015-9665-6
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References found in this work BETA

Famine, Affluence, and Morality.Peter Singer - 1972 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 1 (3):229-243.
Principles of Social Justice.David Miller - 2002 - Political Theory 30 (5):754-759.
Moral Demands in Nonideal Theory.Liam B. Murphy - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
Principles of Social Justice.David Miller - 2002 - Philosophical Quarterly 52 (207):274-276.

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Citations of this work BETA

Online Shaming.Kathryn J. Norlock - 2017 - Social Philosophy Today 33:187-197.
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