The Sociology of Wholeness: Emile Durkheim and Carl Jung

Dissertation, Texas a&M University (1993)
This dissertation seeks to integrate the sociology of Emile Durkheim with the psychology of Carl Jung. The purpose of this goal is to develop a sociological definition of "wholeness" or "integration" that can be developed further in theory and research. ;The present-day dichotomy, sociology versus psychology, tends to obscure or totally neglect many of the insights by Durkheim and his colleagues from the previous fin de siecle. The most notable, albeit paradoxical insight, is that the collectivity cannot exist without individuals, yet the individual cannot exist without society. Social psychology does approach this dilemma, but falls short of either a Durkheimian or Jungian understanding of individual or collective behavior, especially with regard to the concept of consciousness and the unconscious. ;Historically, the concept of the unconscious is not the exclusive domain of psychology . The fact that Durkheim advocated the need for sociologists to study the unconscious has been overlooked until recently . ;This dissertation takes the position that from within a social context, conceptual classifications or distinctions can be made between groups and the individual, as well as between consciousness and the unconscious. Further, I suggest that the human experience includes a personal and a collective consciousness, as well as a personal and collective unconscious. ;In other words, the distinctive aspect of this dissertation is that it uncovers a homo duplex within a homo duplex . Other analysts of Jung and Durkheim have focused on particular aspects of only some of these dualisms . My intention was to integrate all of the conceptual categories that these dualisms entail, and thereby contribute a new social psychology of Durkheim and Jung
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